Chapter 10

Multiple Choice

1. The term Romantic is used to designate the style of art and music during which of the following centuries?
a. seventeenth
b. eighteenth
c. nineteenth
d. twentieth

2. Chopin wrote almost exclusively for which instrument?
a. violin
b. piano
c. cello
d. organ

3. The composer Fanny Hensel was the sister of which of the following composers?
a. Beethoven
b. Schubert
c. Schumann
d. Mendelssohn

4. Romantic painting attempts to express
a. direct personal feelings.
b. the idyllic life of the aristocracy.
c. the principles of clarity and balance.
d. religion in a didactic manner.

7. One of the characteristics of Romantic art was the renewed interest in which of the following?
a. biblical scenes
b. miniature painting
c. fresco decorations
d. landscape painting

8. A development that affected Romantic music was
a. its emancipation from aristocratic patronage.
b. the new strictures imposed by the Church.
c. the return to rural society.
d. the development of printing from moveable type.

11. Goya's The Third of May was given this name
a. for the date of its completion.
b. for the date of an historical event.
c. for the date of its commissioning.
d. for the birthday of his patron.

12. Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People
a. is one of France's best-loved sculptures.
b. is a landscape scene that includes a burning city.
c. is a symbol of the struggle for freedom against the forces of tyranny.
d. was a symbol of the Italian people's desire for liberty.

13. Goethe's poem about a dying child was set to music by
a. Schubert.
b. Beethoven.
c. Chopin.
d. Mendelssohn.

15. Chopin wrote in which of the following dance forms?
a. pavane and galliard
b. schottische and polka
c. allemande and sarabande
d. polonaise and mazurka

16. Turner's painting techniques show significant relationship to which of the following style periods?
a. Rococo
b. Baroque
c. Classical
d. Impressionist

Matching


17.
1. Robert Schumann
2. Ludwig van Beethoven
3. Frédéric Chopin
4. Franz Schubert
5. Felix Mendelssohn

a. In spite of being totally deaf in his later years, this Romantic composer wrote some of the greatest music of all time.
b. This composer wrote one of the most famous piano concertos of all time and was a journalist and a conservatory director as well.
c. This Polish composer was one of the principal composers for the piano during the Romantic period.
d. This Romantic composer was more influenced by Classical form than were his contemporaries.
e. This composer's songs established the standard for the Romantic solo song.

18.
1. Charles Garnier
2. Camile Corot
3. Francisco Goya
4. Eugéne Delacroix
5. Jean Jacques Rousseau

a. His Social Contract expounded the theory of individualism, which had a strong influence on the creative arts.
b. This painter specialized in landscapes.
c. This French painter of the Romantic school was a friend of Victor Hugo and Frédéric Chopin.
d. His designs for the Paris Opera are often referred to as Neo-Baroque.
e. This Spanish artist used his canvases to express his social conscience.

19.
1. Third of May
2. Dante and Virgil in Hell
3. The Raft of the Medusa
4. A View Near Volterra
5. Liberty Leading the People

a. A visual portrayal of an actual event in Spanish history
b. A painting of a grisly contemporary news story by one of the first French Romanticists
c. This Romantic painting by Corot suggests a sentimental feeling about nature.
d. An artwork that illustrates the Romantic tendency to combine painting with literature to intensify dramatic elements of a subject
e. This painting by a French artist served as propaganda for the cause of freedom from tyranny.

20.
1. Carnaval
2. Heidenröslein
3. Symphony no. 3 in E-Flat Major (Eroica)
4. Erlkönig
5. Sonata no. 23 in F Minor, op. 57 (Appassionata)

a. A dramatic through-composed song that presents each of the characters in its story
b. Composition for piano consisting of twenty-two short pieces
c. A musical composition for orchestra that evokes the spirit of heroism by musical means alone
d. Work in which the composer uses the complete expressive range of the piano but uses the Classic sonata as a basis for its form
e. A strophic song by Schubert

True/False
21. Schubert's Erlkönig is unified through rapid, repeated notes in the accompaniment.
22. The Romantic Realist insisted that music must exist for its own sake, without extramusical ideas.

23. Both Chopin and Schumann expressed their romantic tendencies clearly in short compositions.
24. Romanticism was a revolt against authority and convention in the arts.
25. Schubert was often successful in finding a ready market for his works.
26. Clara Schumann, like her husband, Robert, wrote a piano concerto
27. In contrast to Classical art, Romantic art is seldom experimental.
28. Romantic composers were concerned with evoking a strong emotional response to their music.
29. The Romantic spirit was new in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and had not appeared in previous cultural periods.
30. In addition to his piano music, Chopin wrote a large number of works for orchestra and chamber ensemble.
31. Mahler's symphonies are characterized by the use of folk songs or tunes.
33. In the opera, Othello, Verdi has chosen a libretto based on a play by Geoffrey Chaucer.
34. Mahler was the leading composer of verismo opera in the nineteenth century.
36. Turner's Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway is typical of the paintings of the Romantic period.

Chapter 11

Multiple Choice

1. The chant melody used in the final movement of Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique is the
a. Stabat Mater.
b. Kyrie.
c. Dies Irae.
d. Regina Coeli.

2. Wagner is most famous for which of the following?
a. symphonies
b. operas
c. piano music
d. art songs

3. Wagner's only comic opera is
a. Die Meistersinger.
b. Tristan und Isolde.
c. Parsifal.
d. Rienzi.

4. Which of the following artists used the term realism to describe his own painting?
a. Delacroix
b. Courbet
c. Géricault
d. Goya

5. Winslow Homer was a citizen of
a. England.
b. Canada.
c. the United States.
d. India.

6. The Burial at Ornans takes its subject matter from
a. religious history.
b. mythology.
c. fiction.
d. a contemporary event.

7. Which of the following composers is not known for his Romantic piano compositions?
a. Frédéric Chopin
b. Franz Liszt
c. Robert Schumann
d. Richard Wagner

8. Which of the following is not an example of Realism in the visual arts?
a. Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
b. The Third Class Carriage
c. Burial at Ornans
d. Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway

13. In which of the following musical compositions does the composer depict a landscape of national significance?
a. The Moldau
b. Boris Godunov
c. A Life for the Czar
d. Till Eulenspiegel

True/False

14. Realism is not an art period apart from Romanticism.
15. Berliotz was a man of literary achievements, as well as a composer.
16. The folk song had not been used extensively in serious music before the nineteenth century.
19. Realism and Nationalism are artistic expressions that may exist in the same artwork.
20. In the nineteenth century, the arts of Slavic countries frequently emphasized Nationalism
21. While Napoleon was not a patron of music, he had an influence on the rise of Nationalism in the arts.
22. The popularity of Smetana's The Moldau to those outside his own country is due largely to its aural appeal and not to its Nationalistic qualities.
24. Nationalism in music was in part a revolt against the domination of the musical style and taste of Germany.
25. Nationalistic art is only a sentimental value outside the nation it represents.
27. Nationalism in music appeals to people beyond the borders of a particular country because of its Romantic character and not its Nationalistic character.
30. The first theme of The Moldau depicts the river that flows through part of eastern Europe.
31. One of the organizational devices of Daumier's The Third Class Carriage that helps lead your eyes across the picture is the grouping of black hats worn by the passengers.
33. Honoré Daumier often used Realism to ridicule the lower class.
34. Because of its expressive possibilities, the piano became the favorite instrument for musical Realism.
35. Listeners often read realistic scenes or stories into music that was not composed with realistic intent.
36. The program of the Symphonie fantastique was conceived after the music was written.
38. Courbet was one of the first painters to call himself a Realist.
41. Richard Strauss wrote a detailed program for Till Eulenspiegel.
42. In the second movement of the Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe, serves as the main melody of the waltz.
43. In the section of the Symphonie fantastique titled "March to the Scaffold," the melody of the Beloved One appears just before the blow of the blade.
44. Berlioz's orchestration is typical of the Classical orchestra of the eighteenth century.

Chapter 12
Multiple Choice

1. Impressionist painters had a special fondness for subjects showing
a. action.
b. religious scenes.
c. landscapes.
d. portraits.

2. Debussy achieved musical Impressionism by
a. using only those instruments with soft tonal coloring.
b. confining himself to polyphonic forms.
c. expanding the dynamic range of the compositions.
d. the use of luxurious harmonies and weak cadences.

3. Rodin created the effect of Impressionism in sculpture by
a. leaving the modeling of forms incomplete.
b. elongating forms.
c. having open spaces between figures.
d. painstakingly representing forms and figures as they would appear in a photograph.

4. Pointillism is a technique in painting using
a. heavy layers of paint on top of one another.
b. broad brush strokes.
c. innumerable small dots of color.
d. many pointed figures.

5. In Rouen Cathedral, West Facade by Monet, the bright sunlight
a. makes the building seem less massive.
b. brings out the details of the architecture.
c. emphasizes the monumentality of the structure.
d. calls attention to the sculpture in the edifice.

6. A new musical device used extensively by Debussy was
a. polyrhythms.
b. the whole-tone scale.
c. atonality.
d. thematic mutation.

7. Impressionist painters used
a. fine lines with careful attention to details.
b. color applied with loose brush technique.
c. figural symbolism reminiscent of the Renaissance.
d. elaborately detailed representations of their figures.

8. Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun is in the same musical style as which of the following?
a. The Moldau
b. Nuages
c. Midsummer Night's Dream
d. Ma Vlast

9. In general, it can be said that Impressionist painters strove to
a. depict scenes or events photographically.
b. depict transitory images and feelings.
c. combine Romanticism and Realism.
d. recapture the spirit of Hellenistic idealism.

10. The most important element in Impressionist painting was
a. line.
b. light.
c. space.
d. perspective.

11. In addition to strong literary influences, Debussy was influenced by
a. Manet.
b. Monet.
c. Rodin.
d. Delacroix.

12. While Renoir was an Impressionist, he was quite traditional in
a. his use of color.
b. the structural forms of his figures.
c. the use of perspective.
d. his choice of subject matter.

13. In his painting, Seurat employed with of the following?
a. Realism
b. spatial distortion
c. serrated figures
d. pointillism

14. Tone color in Debussy's music was strongly influenced by
a. Wagner's principles of orchestration.
b. Indonesian music.
c. French folk instruments.
d. Renaissance instruments.

15. In his paintings, Gauguin used
a. colors representing flat surfaces to depict three-dimensional forms.
b. monochromatic colors.
c. industrial themes for his subject matter.
d. Indians for his models.

16. The effects of light on the Rouen Cathedral was the subject of a series of paintings by
a. Manet.
b. Monet.
c. Degas.
d. Renoir.

17. Lili Boulanger is known best today as a
a. teacher.
b. composer.
c. painter.
d. conductor.

18. Mary Cassatt's subject matter frequently consisted of
a. landscapes.
b. buildings.
c. abstract patterns.
d. domestic scenes.

19. In his paintings, van Gogh is a forerunner of which of the following styles?
a. Surrealism
b. Cubism
c. Realism
d. Expressionism

True/False
20. Impressionist painters were concerned with intense symbolism.
21. The school of Impressionism was of short duration because its subject matter was too restrictive.
22. Design is a major concern for Impressionism painters.
23. There were few major sculptors in the Impressionist movement.
24. Debussy avoided the passion and sentiment of earlier nineteenth-century composers.
25. In many Impressionist paintings, the effect of the atmosphere was depicted on the canvas.
26. Impressionist painters usually went outdoors to paint their subjects.
27. Impressionist composers weakened the tonal center of their music through the use of the whole-tone scale.
29. Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte is not only the subject of a painting by Seurat but the subject of a musical play by Stephen Sondheim.
30. Painters and composers of the Impressionist school were strongly influenced by the poets Verlaine and Mallarmé.
31. Debussy's Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun is based on the ancient French story of a band of cruel hunters.
32. During the Impressionist period, women composers emerged for the first time in the history of music.

Chapter 13
Multiple Choice

1. The attempt of painters to reduce nature to its basic geometric forms is called
a. Surrealism.
b. Impressionism.
c. Constructivism.
d. Cubism.

2. A new principle of twentieth-century construction used by many architects is the
a. post and lintel.
b. cantilever.
c. vaulted arch.
d. buttress.

4. Schoenberg's Serenade op. 24 demonstrates the use of
a. whole-tone scales.
b. quarter-tone scales.
c. modal scales.
d. twelve-tone row.

5. Twentieth-century art is often unappreciated because
a. its subject matter is too often political.
b. art styles are changing so fast the public cannot keep up with the changes.
c. the artists are poorly trained in their crafts.
d. it borrows too heavily from non-Western cultures.

6. The most easily recognized quality of twentieth-century music is its
a. dissonance.
b. rhythmic complexity.
c. unusual tone colors.
d. unforgettable melodies.

7. A unique American contribution to architecture has been the
a. condominium.
b. factory.
c. apartment house.
d. skyscraper.

8. Twentieth-century sculptors have concentrated on creating works for use in
a. the home.
b. the theater.
c. public spaces.
d. industry.

9. The dissonances of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring are due primarily to
a. bitonality.
b. atonality.
c. use of quarter tones.
d. weak compositional technique.

10. Paintings by Miró use forms that are
a. realistic.
b. naturalistic.
c. kinetic.
d. biomorphic.

13. The artistic medium that Käthe Kollwitz found most expressive for her social and artistic ideas was
a. graphics.
b. stone sculpture.
c. oil on canvas.
d. fibre sculpture.

14. Kaufmann House by Frank Lloyd Wright illustrates the architectural principle of
a. post-and-lintel construction.
b. steel cage construction.
c. classical construction
d. cantilever construction.

15. Georgia O'Keeffe's style is most closely associated with which of the following schools of painting?
a. Super Realism
b. Cubism
c. Surrealism
d. Fauvism

16. Julia Morgan contributed the design for many buildings in which of the following locations?
a. UCLA
b. Mills College
c. San Francisco Civic Center
d. San Diego State University

17. Gustav Klimt's Expectation demonstrates a focus on
a. meticulous use of linear perspective.
b. an abiding interest in religious subjects.
c. Amish quilting patterns.
d. rich surface patterns.

18. Which of the following women was an architect?
a. Morgan
b. Kollwitz
c. O'Keeffe
d. Goncharova

Matching

19.
1. van Gogh
2. Picasso
3. Mondrian
4. Rouault
5. Cézanne

a. One of the first artists to reduce nature to geometric forms
b. an artist who used the technique of stained-glass effect in his painting
c. The greatest of contemporary painters who has experimented with many styles
d. Best known for his completely abstract designs in painting
e. An Expressionistic painter who was tormented by the misery of humanity and tried to express his feelings about the universe

20.
1. Schoenberg
2. Bartók
3. Webern
4. Gershwin
5. Stravinsky

a. A composer who used the folk music of his native Hungary in a new manner
b. The composer who developed a new style of writing based on the independence of each of the twelve tones of the scale
c. A composer who employed jazz idioms in opera
d. His music often reflects his Russian origins.
e. A composer who extended the twelve-tone technique to what is known as completely organized serialism.

21.
1. Kandinsky
2. Chagall
3. Klee
4. Gropium
5. Dali

a. A painter who never abandoned his affinity for his native country and its folklore
b. an abstract painter who wrote extensively on a theory of color
c. An artist who often shocked the public with his fantastic paintings of what he called subconscious reality
d. a leader of a German school for industrial design
e. A nonrepresentational artist whose works are often distinguished by their delicacy of line and pastel coloring

22.
1. Lehmbruck
2. Frank Lloyd Wright
3. Brancusi
4. Henry Moore
5. Jean Arp

a. An architect who used elemental forms without decoration to express the functional aspects of his buildings
b. A German sculptor who distorts his forms to achieve expressive meaning
c. A sculptor who employs organic forms that retain an element of representationalism
d. A contemporary sculptor who specializes in new surfaces that show the movement of light
e. A sculptor who used abstract form in achieving the effect of Surrealism in sculpture

25.
1. Bauhaus
2. Spiral Theme
3. Twittering Machine
4. Mlle. Pogany
5. Kaufmann House

a. A sculpture in plastic that suggests motion
b. A building designed by Walter Gropius
c. An adaptation of architecture to natural surroundings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright
d. By linear means, this work amuses us with symbolic birds operated by a mechanical device
e. A piece of sculpture in Cubist style with the human head depicted as a spheroid

26.
1. Kollwitz
2. O'Keefe
3. Goncharova
4. Hoffman

a. Oil paintings in a Cubist style
b. Portrait sculpture
c. Graphic representations of war victims
d. Oil paintings with flowers and symbols of the west

Chapter 14

Multiple Choice

1. One of the strongest influences on the sculpture of Barbara Hepworth was
a. Pablo Picasso.
b. Constantin Brancusi.
c. Auguste Rodin.
d. Henry Moore.

2. Op Art is concerned with
a. visual illusions caused by color and line.
b. objects from the mass media.
c. Pop Art.
d. dreams and fantasies.

4. Abstract Expressionism is most closely related to
a. Cubism.
b. Minimal Art.
c. Surrealism.
d. Nationalism.

5. Thea Musgrave's opera of 1979 was based on the life of
a. Mary, Queen of Scots.
b. Queen Elizabeth I.
c. Anne Boleyn.
d. Empress Maria Theresa.

8. Pop Art emphasizes
a. psychological values.
b. the lives of popular media figures.
c. abstract patterns.
d. symbols of mass media.

9. Art and music after World War II expresses
a. a radical change from prewar styles.
b. a gradual return to the Classic-Romantic tendencies of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
c. a continuation of the trends started in the early twentieth century.
d. an exploration of the media and materials of folk and primitive arts.

12. An artist noted for his Kinetic Art is
a. Alexander Calder.
b. Jackson Pollock.
c. Robert Indiana.
d. Salvador Dali.

15. One of Fay Joneses' primary objectives in building Thorncrown Chapel was to
a. imitate the style of Gothic cathedrals.
b. minimize the environmental impact of construction.
c. exploit relatively rare and previously unexplored construction materials.
d. convey the idea of the crown of thorns through the effective symbolic use of architectural materials.

17. Arvo Pärt is a native of which country?
a. Estonia
b. Poland
c. Russia
d. Sweden

18. Which of the following painters was part of the Harlem Renaissance?
a. Jackson Pollock
b. Andy Warhol
c. Jasper Johns
d. Romare Bearden

19. The medium of Elizabeth Catlett's Singing Head is which of the following?
a. collage
b. bas relief
c. marble
d. acrylic

True/False
20. The term, electronic music, refers to musical sounds generated by electronic equipment.
21. Aleatoric music is determined by the principles of chance.
22. Third stream jazz emphasizes free improvisation.
23. Blood, Sweat, and Tears is a performing group that combined the traditions of jazz and rock music.
24. All of Leonard Bertstein's musical compositions are dominated by expressive devices from the popular style.
28. Jackson Pollock is one of the better-known creators of Kinetic Art.
29. John Adam's Harmonielehre combines the new minimalist style with neo-Romanticism.
30. The emotional impact of Elizabeth Catlett's Singing Head is the result of both the effective use of black marble and sharp, angular design.

32.
1. Barbara Hepworth
2. Jackson Pollock
3. Robert Rauschenberg
4. Alexander Calder
5. I. M. Pei

a. The painter whose technique included dripping paint on a canvas with bodily movements
b. An artist who created kinetic sculpture
c. One of the first painters in the Pop Art Movement
d. One of Britain's greatest twentieth-century sculptors
e. Designed the east building of the National Gallery of Art

33.
1. Duke Ellington
2. Gunther Schuller
3. Don Ellis
4. John Cage
5. Karlheinz Stockhausen

a. An earlier master of the improvisatory big band style of jazz
b. The American composer whose works are compared with the "happenings" of the avant-garde
c. A composer of German birth who combined jazz and Classical music
d. Composer whose main concern has been electronic music
e. A very recent master of the big band style of jazz

35.
1. Four Minutes and Thirty-Three Seconds
2. Mass
3. Homage to New York
4. Threnody in Memory of the Victims of Hiroshima
5. Seven Studies on Themes of Paul Klee

a. a musical interpretation of the Twittering Machine
b. A sculptural work that combines sound with motion and was programmed to self-destruct
c. a composition in which the pianist sits silently at the piano keyboard
d. An orchestral work commemorating the destruction of a city
e. Liturgical musical form employing jazz and popular idioms